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LNG: State of the Market

LNG State of the MarketNatural gas production in the U.S. has increased substantially over the last few years due to technological advancements in natural gas extraction methods. Certainly this increased production has resulted in reduced prices for natural gas consumers, but the benefits go far beyond the country’s borders. The ample supply and low prices are making the prospect of exporting liquefied natural gas (LNG) exciting, but the path is not as direct as some had hoped.

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Has Low Oil Killed Geothermal in the U.S.?

Has Low Oil Killed Geothermal in the USWhile geothermal power production is not growing as fast in the U.S. as it is many other parts of the world, it nevertheless has huge potential in North America. Certainly the low price of natural gas has made it easier and less expensive to replace coal-fired baseload plants made obsolete or closed due to EPA regulations in the U.S., but there are still several areas in which geothermal energy is a desirable alternative to fossil fuel power production.

The Geothermal Energy Association (GEA) is a trade association composed of U.S. companies and organizations that support the expanded use of geothermal energy and are developing geothermal resources worldwide for electrical power generation and direct-heat uses. The association recently held a briefing in Washington, DC, on the subject.

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Automated Valves and Security

Automated Valves and Security 1In todays environment of security awareness there is a heightened concern over maintaining the integrity of plant operations.

The causes of undesired interference with plant and industrial installations ranges from plant operator ignorance or error to vandalism and then the ultimate concern, terrorism.

Equipment behind a plant’s security fence is less vulnerable than equipment on a remote installation, like an unmanned pump station for example. However, the desire to reduce interference from all causes, warrants consideration of all potentially vulnerable devices.

The valves used in a plant are particularly important devices. Opening or closing a valve at the wrong time could cause a catastrophic leak, contamination or hazardous situation that may put personnel and equipment at risk.

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How a Refinery Significantly Reduced Fugitive Emissions

Improving Fugitive Emissions PerformanceThe BP refinery in Whiting, IN has 80,000 valves in its leak detection and repair (LDAR) program. There are approximately 20 process units in the refinery, on an average five-year-turnaround cycle and 200-300 valves on every turnaround work list. BP executed an EPA consent decree in 2012 and has been working on improvements around LDAR and emissions since 2011.

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Waste to Renewable Chemicals

Waste to Renewable ChemicalsMore than 93% of Edmonton, Alberta’s nearly 880,000 residents recycle, keeping 60% of waste out of the landfills. But that wasn’t good enough for this city, which prides itself on its environmental efforts. So, in its efforts to find a way to divert even more of that waste and reduce CO2 emissions, the city worked with Enerkem and the provincial government (Alberta Innovates – Energy and Environment Solutions) to create the world’s first industrial-scale facility to produce biofuels from municipal solid waste. Inaugurated in June 2014, this facility will make it possible for the city to achieve a 90% conversion rate by 2016, by turning trash into methanol and ethanol. While other municipalities have been able to convert waste into power, to date there is no other industrial-scale facility that turns waste into biochemicals.

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Valve Magazine Digital Edition

15 SPR CVRInside the Spring 2015 issue…

• Heavy Oil
• 3D Printing Gains Momentum
• Restoring Power After Sandy
• What is a Surplus Valve?

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DIGITAL EDITION PREVIEW EMAIL

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